शुक्रवार, 5 सितंबर 2008

लघु पत्रिका केन्द्र- जोकहरा

लघु पत्रिका (लिटिल मैगजीन) आन्दोलन मुख्य रूप से पश्चिम में प्रतिरोध (प्रोटेस्ट) के औजार के रूप में शुरू हुआ था. यह प्रतिरोध राज्य सत्ता, उपनिवेशवाद, साम्राज्यवाद या धार्मिक वर्चस्ववाद– किसी के भी विरुद्ध हो सकता था. लिटिल मैगजीन आन्दोलन की विशेषता उससे जुडे लोगों की प्रतिबद्धता तथा सीमित आर्थिक संसाधनों में तलाशी जा सकती थी. अक्सर बिना किसी बडे औद्योगिक घराने की मदद लिये बिना, किसी व्यक्तिगत अथवा छोटे सामूहिक प्रयासों के परिणाम स्वरूप निकलने वाली ये पत्रिकायें अपने समय के महत्वपूर्ण लेखकों को छापतीं रहीं हैं. भारत में भी सामाजिक चेतना के बढने के साथ-साथ बीसवीं शताब्दी के उत्तरार्ध में लघु पत्रिकायें प्रारम्भ हुयीं. 1950 से लेकर 1980 तक का दौर हिन्दी की लघु पत्रिकाओं के लिये बहुत ही महत्वपूर्ण रहा. यह वह दौर था जब नई- नई मिली आजादी से मोह भंग शुरू हुआ था और बहुत बडी संख्या में लोग विश्वास करने लगे थे कि बेहतर समाज बनाने में साहित्य की निर्णायक भूमिका हो सकती है. बेनेट कोलमैन & कम्पनी तथा हिन्दुस्तान टाइम्स लिमिटेड की पत्रिकाओं-धर्मयुग, साप्ताहिक हिन्दुस्तान, सारिका, कादम्बनी, दिनमान, और माधुरी जैसी बडी पूंजी से निकलने वाली पत्रिकाओं के मुकाबले कल्पना, लहर, वाम, उत्तरार्ध, आलोचना, कृति, क ख ग, माध्यम, आवेश, आवेग, संबोधन, संप्रेषण, आरम्भ, ध्वज भंग , सिर्फ , हाथ, कथा, नई कहानियां, कहानी, वयं, अणिमा जैसी पत्रिकायें निकलीं जो सीमित संसाधनों , व्यक्तिगत प्रयासों या लेखक संगठनों की देन थीं. इन पत्रिकाओं का मुख्य स्वर साम्राज्यवाद विरोध था और ये शोषण, धार्मिक कठमुल्लापन, लैंगिक असमानता, जैसी प्रवृत्तियों के विरुद्ध खडी दिखायीं देतीं थीं. एक समय तो ऐसा भी आया जब मुख्य धारा के बहुत से लेखकों ने पारिश्रमिक का मोह छोडकर बडी पत्रिकाओं के लिये लिखना बन्द कर दिया और वे केवल इन लघु पत्रिकाओं के लिये ही लिखते रहे. एक दौर ऐसा भी आया जब बडे घरानों की पत्रिकाओं में छपना शर्म की बात समझा जाता था और लघु पत्रिकाओं में छपने का मतलब साहित्यिक समाज की स्वीकृति की गारंटी होता था. आज राष्ट्रीय एवं ग्लोबल कारणों से न तो लघु पत्रिकाएं निकालने वालों के मन में पुराना जोश बाकी है और न ही उनमें छपना पहले जैसी विशिष्टता का अहसास कराता है फिर भी लघु पत्रिकाओं में छपी सामग्री का अपना एक ऐतिहासिक महत्व है . हिन्दी साहित्य के बहुत सारे विवाद, आन्दोलन, प्रवृत्तियों को निर्धारित करने वाली सामग्री और महान रचनायें इन लघु पत्रिकाओं के पुराने अंकों में समाई हुयीं हैं. इनमें से बहुत सारी सामग्री कभी पुनर्मुद्रित नहीं हुयीं. साहित्य के गंभीर पाठकों एवं शोधार्थियों के लिये इनका ऐतिहासिक महत्व है.
श्री रामानन्द सरस्वती पुस्तकालय ने इस महत्वपूर्ण खजाने को एक साथ उपलब्ध कराने के लिये अपने प्रांगण में वर्ष 2004-2005 में लघु पत्रिका केन्द्र की स्थापना की है. इस केन्द्र में 250 से अधिक लघु पत्रिकाओं के पूरे अथवा कुछ अंक उपलब्ध हैं. कोई भी शोधार्थी यहाँ पर आकर इस संग्रह की पत्रिकाओं का अध्ययन कर सकता है और आवश्यकता पडने पर फोटोकॉपी ले जा सकता है. पुस्तकालय शोधार्थियों के रुकने की निशुल्क व्यवस्था भी करता है. इस सम्बन्ध में कोई भी सूचना सुधीर शर्मा से टेलीफोन नम्बर- 05466-239615 अथवा 9452332073 से प्राप्त की जा सकती है.

1 टिप्पणी:

आलोक सिंह "साहिल" ने कहा…

बहुत सुंदर,
आलोक सिंह "साहिल"

Excerpts from the Blog-http//www. katsu-katsu.blogspot.com

From a life of drugs and crime to a life of literacy
Sunday, October 14, 2007

I had a great opportunity to visit Shri Ramanand Saraswati Pustkalaya, a non-governmental organization (NGO) which is located in Jokehara, a remote village in Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh (Approximately 3.5 hours from Benares). I met with the two men who have really propelled a vision to empower women and children and to breakdown gender bias and caste bias. It's a pretty amazing place and the story upon which it was founded is even more astounding. It's got a tough cop, a reformed convict, love, loss & betrayal, drugs & mafia warlords and... the silver lining is... empowerment of poor rural women and children through literacy, arts and dedication! Vibhuti Narain Rai, is the head of the organization is a Vice Director General of Police for the state of UP. He's basically the second in command and exudes authority and machismo, but when he smiles, one can see the corners of his eyes wrinkle behind the dark Ray Bans (think Tom Cruise in Top Gun). He is a dedicated man, visiting the village at least twice a month from his post in Lucknow. He introduced us to Sudhir Sharma, the famous librarian who has brought literacy to Jokehara and 10 neighbouring villages. Sudhir is famous b/c of his fight for the right to read books while in a Goa jail. His only request was to read, and as such he developed a relationship with writers, one of whom was Vice Director General Rai. After prison officials returned books to the senders, Sudhir smuggled a letter out to Mr. Rai and thus began the court case which went all the way up to the Goa High Court. In the end Sudhir was not only able to receive books, but he went on to establish a library in the jail. upon release Mr. Rai offered him the opportunity to become the resident librarian for his NGO... and now... the story really takes off. The library was the seed which germinated an entire village to throw off their skeptical concerns that reading was important and a valuable skill set and he inspired them to proffer what little they had to build a community centre. The poorest man of the village gave a parcel of valuable farm land, the stone mason, 2 bags of concrete and so forth... those who had no materials to offer, gave their labour to help build this centre. It is truly inspiring. Now, the community centre hosts a sewing centre to allow women to develop a marketable skill set that will allow them to earn approximately 30-40 rupees a day ($0.80-$1.00) and continue to feed their families. From the sewing centre spawned a computer centre where community members can come to learn basic computer skills and then apply to computer programs in nearby cities to further their skills. The most powerful story though, is the introduction of community theatre. Here the women are rallied to join and write their own play and then perform in it. It's so wonderful because the women learn how to command presence through physical body movement and oratorial skills as they must project their voices. There are of course many obstacles that these young women face when they begin to realize that they are entitled to equal treatment and greater opportunities -- it is a reality that all such organizations face. With knowledge comes power, and with power there is a threat of change to those who currently dominate. Sometimes "real change" may seem futile, but I think the lesson which must be gleaned from this is that one seed can foster great hope and change an entire landscape.Lee Koo

Profile of the Organisation

1. Name of the organisation Sri Ramanand Saraswati Pustkalaya2. Registration No./Date/Place of Registration- 1019/93-94/4-1-19943. Place of Registration- Azamgarh4.FCRA No./Date of Issue- II/ 21022/73(169)/ 2005 / ,Reg. No.- 136250046 / ,Date-- 09/ 08 / 054.Address-- Sri Ramanand Saraswati Pustkalaya, Jokehara, Azamgarh, 2761365.Phone Number/Fax Number/E-mail-05466-239615,05466-239448 , 9452332073 / srsp1993@yahoo.co.in/ sriramanandsaraswatipustkalaya.blogspot.com
6.Name of Responsible Individual ( Name/Designation/Phone Number / E-mail)Sri Shesh Nath Rai / Secretary / srsp1993@ yahoo.co.in
7.Organizational Structure-
7-1. Year of Establishment- 1993-1994
7-2. Nature of the Organization- Social, cultural and educational
7-3. Number of Branches, Field Offices and their location nil
8.Purpose of Establishment, Vision and/ Mission Statement
Vision:-

SRSP intends to combat two major biases of the Rural India related to cast and gender which may help creation of a just and equitable social order. It is committed to the goal of enabling Rural India to live life of dignity and respect.
Mission:-
SRSP works for the sustainable social and economic empowerment of women and dalits. The focus is on rights based approach through which these marginalized segments of the Rural India are sensitized about the dignity of their human existence. The tools of this endeavor are education, capacity building by skill up gradation, exposure to the laws of the land and international conventions and creative activities like theatre, music, and painting. Efforts are also made to involve these potential groups in such efforts like water conservation, forestry and preservation of oral and written folk traditions which may enrich their life. Special attention is paid to the improvement of their health and hygiene.
9. Main Activities of the Organization- During more than one decade of its existence SRSP has turned into a prominent cultural centre of the country. Initially started with an aim to promote the culture of book reading, very soon it got involved in many other activities of community development. It took a moderate project of adult literacy with an aim of making every body in the village Jokehara literate and this target was achieved in three years. To sensitise villagers on gender and dalit issues many discourses were organised in which social activists like Teesta Setalwad, Shabana Azmi, Medha Patkar, Asgar Ali Engineer, and Acharya Ram Murti along with the hosting of writers, playwrights, poets, academicians, photographers and film and theatre critics. It was believed that the exposure to such a wide variety of experiences and ideas, the youth of Jokehara and its neighbouring villages would be able to come out of their caste and gender constraints.
Jokehara and the villages around it are like any other village of eastern Uttar Pradesh where caste and gender lines are very pronounced. SRSP, since its inception, has tried to mobilise the marginalised sections, specially women and dalits, against the social odds. It was not at all an easy task.. SRSP, had adopted a strategy to motivate dalits to challenge the system which denied them dignity and equality without provoking and inviting hostilities from the upper castes. SRSP had appointed a chamar, lowest in the caste system, as librarian. Initially this led to very strange situations. For example the librarian would not sit before an upper caste reader or an upper caste reader may find it humiliating to ask the librarian to help him in searching a book. During functions when their were visitors from outside the librarian would feel hesitant in sitting with them at the dining table and even if he sat, there was always a posibility that he would be ridiculed by an upper caste person. Gradually the situation changed and the dalit librarian was accepted as equal.
9. a. Theatre Brings Perceptible Changes In The Life Of WomenSocial change through cultural interventions and theatrical activities helped a lot in bringing a perceptible change in the situation. The beginning was not a conscious effort. National School of Drama, New Delhi organised its first training cum production workshop in December 2003 at SRSP. Initially everyone was sceptical about the response of women to the workshop but to everybody's surprise large number of girls participated in the camp. For them it was like freedom from mundane, routine chores of a male dominated family life where they had very little elbow space for joy and creativity. It was another departure from the caste guided behavioural pattern. Boys and girls of different castes used to spend the whole day together singing, dancing and rehearsing. Initially there was a mental barrier among them but slowly and unknowingly it disappeared and they started to share their midday meal as well. The first theatre camp changed many things in the life of village Jokehara. Women started visiting library in more numbers. There was a perceptible change in the confidence level and they started participating more freely in the discussions organised by the library. Since then many theatre camps with the support of National School Of Drama, New Delhi, Bhartendu Natya Academy, Lucknow and North Central Zone Cultural Centre, Allahabad have been organised and it has further cemented the process.
9. b. Empowerment Through Income Generating Programmes
SRSP is actively engaged in economic empowerment of local community and developing their income-generation capacity. It is running two centres under the Community Polytechnic Scheme of government of India. One centre is imparting training in typing and shorthand and the other is engaged in stitching and embroidery. The objective of the programme is to make local young boys and girls learn vocational skills and become self dependent. These vocational courses have helped villagers, especially women and dalits, in developing their confidence. The library is also running a computer training centre. The organisation believes that a good number of these trainees will soon be able to start their own enterprises.
The organisation had successfully run a project of rearing honeybee which was supported by CAPART. Under this programme 50 economically backward farmers have been given honey boxes with other accessories. The organisation has given them training and provides them with regular support. The project is expected to give them a regular and sustainable source of livelihood. With the completion of this project , more beneficiaries are expected to be covered under this programme and the project may be replicated in other areas. At present SRSP is running a training course for motorcycle and scooter mechanics.30 young boys , mostly from the marginalised sections are enrolled in the programme. Nehru Yuva Kendra, New Delhi is supporting it. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) is supporting SRSP in its endeavour to organise grass root women self help groups. Many such groups have been organised so far which are not only sensitising their members about their rights and dignity as a person but also upgrading their skills through various training inputs so that they can earn a decent livelihood. These self help groups have linkages with banks. Efforts are on to develop some of these into small level entrepreneurs.
9. c. Physical Fitness and Sports Activities-
Physical fitness is the strength of any community. SRSP has started a volleyball nursery where about 80 boys of different age groups are learning the game under the watchful eyes of a trained coach. SRSP has also established a gymnasium which provides the youth of the area an opportunity to exercise and maintain their physical fitness.
9. d. Our Partners-
Over the years SRSP has not only diversified its activities, it has also established fruitful relationships with institution/organisations like National Book Trust, National School of Drama, Sahitya Academy, Ministry of Culture-Government Of India, North Central Zone Cultural Centre, CAPART, Raja Ram Mohan Roy Library Trust, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare - Govt of India, Ministry of Human Resources Development, Government of India, Nehru Yuva Kendra, OXFAM and NABARD.

हम होँगे कामयाब

हम होँगे कामयाब

पुस्तकालय मेँ नामवर सिँह

पुस्तकालय मेँ नामवर सिँह